Spotted Bass


Spotted-KY-bass.jpg

 

Common Name
Spotted Bass
Category
Fish
ScientificName
Micropterus punctulatus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Osteichthyes
Order
Perciformes
Family
Centrarchidae
Genus
Micropterus
Species
punctulatus
SubSpecies
 

 

Description
  • Olive green back; dark horizontal stripe on sides with definite spots below stripe; slightly notched dorsal, or upper, fin with first section of fin having a low profile; membrane connects two dorsal fins; jaw bone stops near center of eye; small patch of teeth located on base of tongue; often confused with largemouth bass because of dark horizontal stripe
  • Young spotted bass have spots on belly and large black spot on base of tail; tri-color tail is orange, white, and black
Size
8 – 15 in. (20.32 – 38.1 cm) long; 0.5 - 2 lbs. (0.2268 – 0.9072 kg); state record 7 lb. 10 oz. (3.459 kg), caught in Nelson County
Ecological Role
The spotted bass is a carnivore, preying on insects, crayfish, and fish. It travels in schools and is often encountered chasing shad in open water in lakes.
Fun Facts
The spotted bass is also called Kentucky bass and was adopted as Kentucky’s state fish in 1956. It is a member of the black bass family. Its scientific name has Greek and Latin roots; that is, Micropterus is a Greek work meaning “small fin” and the Latin word punctulatus refers to being “dotted. ” Other common names for the spotted bass are spot, lineside, creek bass, diamond bass, and redeye. Spotted bass can be caught in the fall by casting live minnows along rocky points.
Food
Young: crustaceans and midge larvae; adults: insects, fish, crayfish, frogs, worms, grubs
Cover
 
Nest
 
Breeding
 
Eggs
 
Habitat
Rivers and streams
Kentucky Distribution
Common in most major lakes and stream drainages throughout the state; prefers clear streams
Life Cycle
 
Life Span
11 years
Life Stage
 
Reproduction
 
Seasonal Changes
 
Spawning
April – mid-May; migrate upstream to shallow waters; nest is less than 15 inches in diameter; male provides protection and care for eggs and young; young leave nest in 8 – 9 days; young grow to be 1.5 – 4 in. (3.81 – 10.16 cm) in the first summer, maturity is reached at 7 inches
Status
Secure
Uses
 
Voice
 
Young
 
What We Can Do
 
Host
 
Diagnosis and Control
 
Interesting Facts
 
Contributed By
 
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